A FRAMEWORK FOR COLLABORATIVE MANAGEMENT OF INVENTIONS: THE PHILIPPINE EXPERIENCEBy Prof. Jesse A.RoleDepartment of TechnologyUniversity of Eastern Africa, Baraton, Kenya
Technological development is the result of people trying to improve the quality of their lives or trying to extend their horizons. These people are the inventors and/or innovators who are considered to be the most important ingredient in technology. They use tools, resources, and processes in order to solve problems or to extend capabilities. This paper examines critical issues on management of inventions such as policy implementation, motivational strategies, training and development, linkage with industry, patenting of invention, and promotion of intellectual property rights. Analysis of these issues led to the conclusion that successful management of inventions is a result of collaboration among the educational institutions, government entities, private organizations, and the inventors. Inventive ideas can only be fostered in educational institutions, the excellent soil for the spread of new ideas. The inventors’ technological urge to search and create, if supported and nurtured by government and private entities creating an environment conducive to technological endeavors, will result to the desired end product, technology development.
1. The quantitative and qualitative analysis of the data generated the following findings:The government-legislated policies governing Filipino inventions such as Presidential Awards for Inventions, Tax Incentives and Tax Exemptions, Duty Free Importation, Invention Development Assistance Fund, Invention Guarantee Fund, Financial and Loan Assistance from Government Banks, and Government Agencies Assistance have not created an impact in the improvement of the state of Filipino inventions, thus far. There are problems in the implementation of these policies in terms of misinterpretation and inadequate dissemination, slow processing of applications for financial assistance, inavailability of laboratories and other facilities, and attitudes.
2. The result of the assessment of the inventors and the employees of the government shows that Filipino inventions have not yet been fully developed to be globally competitive and that the management capabilities of the inventors are inadequate. The inventors involved in the study lack awareness of the effort of the government to promote the development of their invention capabilities.
3. Both groups of respondents encounter problems and difficulties on the management of inventions:
4. The inventors lack trust in the government protection against invention piracy and counterfeiting
- The inventors perceived the lack of government support on commercialization of patented inventions.
- The DOST-TAPI personnel percived that most inventors are not well-educated and they are not willing to participate in the training anddevelopment provided by government. The inventors in turn consider the government training and development programs not relevant to their needs.
- The weakest area in invention-management is linkage with industry inasmuch as the Technology Application and Promotion Institute of the Department of Science and Technology has not fully established linkage.with companies which can promote and commercialize inventions.
- The voluminous paper work, the time element and cost involved in the application process are deterrents to obtaining patent rights.
The case analysis of the successful inventors revealed the following invention-management programs and practices:
- The businesses established by these inventors are family-managed.
- The successful inventors used their personal financial resources in the development and mass production of their inventions without resorting to loans from government.
- The inventors conducted pilot study on the feasibility of their inventions before mass production.
- The inventors joined trade fairs and exhibits to expose their inventions.
- The inventors practiced hands-on management, acting as both manufacturer and marketing man, in the development and commercialization process of their inventions.
- The inventors believe in education as a source of new concepts and ideas that will help them think creatively and critically and increase their potentials for success.
5. The inventors identified the following factors that influence current issues on
the management of Filipino inventions: attitudes of the Filipino people toward Filipino inventions, graft and corruption, relationship of inventors with fellow inventors and with DOST-TAPI personnel and the positive personality traits such as love of God and country and honesty.
The following insights are drawn based on the findings:
- The status of technological innovations in the country continues to lag behind
in terms of quality and competitiveness in spite of the pronounced policies governing Filipino inventions.
- The management capabilities of Filipino inventors are inadequate resulting to low commercialization of Filipino inventions.
- The inventors are not satisfied with the government programs on the development of the invention capabilities of Filipino inventions in terms of policy implementation and motivational strategies.
- The inventors and the employees of science and technology institutions are struggling with varied problems and difficulties in policy implementation, motivational strategies, training and development, linkage with industry, patenting of invention and promotion of intellectual property rights.
- Successful inventors manage their inventions with their family, use their personal financial resources in establishing their business, practice hands-on management, received awards as a result of joining trade fairs and exhibits and conduct feasibility study on their inventions before mass production for commercialization.
6. The factors that influence current issues on the management of Filipino inventions are cultural, political, and psychological in nature.
The results of this study have direct implications on the principles underlying technology development and management as well as technology research. This was developed into a mini-theory leading to the formulation of proposed invention-management models for the inventors and the government agencies concerned with Filipino inventions.
Keywords: collaborative management, technology development, management of inventions, patenting of invention, linkage with industry, intellectual property rights, policy implementation, training and development